The October to December climate outlook, issued 27 September 2018, indicates parts of eastern and southern Australia are likely to be drier than average.
October shows a strong likelihood of drier conditions across most of the eastern two-thirds of the country, and southwest WA. However, there are exceptions along parts of the east coast of Australia to the east of the Great Dividing Range, where there is no strong indication of either a wetter or drier month.
October to December days are very likely to be warmer than average for most of Australia. Nights are also likely to be warmer than average for most of Australia.
A drier and warmer than average end to the year would mean a low chance of recovery for drought-affected areas of eastern Australia.
The El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) are currently neutral. However, current observations and model outlooks indicate El Niño and a positive IOD could develop in spring. See the Climate Influences section for more information.